Wednesday, 20 July 2016


Sandalwoods are medium-sized hemiparasitic trees, and part of the same plant family as European mistletoe. Striking individuals from this gathering are Indian sandalwood (Santalum collection) and Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum); others in the class likewise have fragrant wood. These are found in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Australia, Indonesia, Hawaii, and other Pacific Islands.

S. collection is an undermined animal varieties indigenous to South India, and develops in the Western Ghats and a couple of other mountain ranges, for example, the Kalrayan and Shevaroy Hills. Despite the fact that sandalwood trees in India, Pakistan, and Nepal are government-claimed and their harvest is controlled, numerous trees are unlawfully chopped down. Sandalwood oil costs have ascended to $2,000 per kg as of late. Red sanders is endemic in Seshachalam, Veliganda, Lankamala, and Palakonda slope ranges, disseminated in locale of Kadapa, Chittoor, and Kurnool in Rayalaseema district and parts of Nellore and Prakasam in Andhra Pradesh, Mysore area of Karnataka (in the past Mysore), and marayoor timberland in Kerala, southern India, is high in quality. New estates were made with worldwide guide in Tamil Nadu for monetary misuse. In Kununurra in Western Australia, Indian sandalwood is developed on an extensive scale.

S. ellipticum, S. freycinetianum, and S. paniculatum, the Hawaiian sandalwood (ʻiliahi), were additionally utilized and considered high caliber. These three species were misused somewhere around 1790 and 1825 preceding the supply of trees ran out (a fourth species, S. haleakalae, happens just in subalpine territories and was never sent out). In spite of the fact that S. freycinetianum and S. paniculatum are moderately regular today, they have not recaptured their previous wealth or size, and S. ellipticum stays uncommon.

S. spicatum is utilized by aromatherapists and perfumers. The fixation contrasts impressively from other Santalum species. In the 1840s, sandalwood was Western Australia's greatest fare worker. Oil was refined without precedent for 1875, and by the turn of the twentieth century, creation of Australian sandalwood oil was irregular. Be that as it may, in the late 1990s, Western Australian sandalwood oil appreciated a restoration and by 2009 had crested at more than 20,000 kg (44,000 lb) every year – quite a bit of which went to the scent businesses in Europe. Albeit general creation has diminished, by 2011 a critical rate of its generation was making a beeline for the biting tobacco industry in India nearby Indian sandalwood – the biting tobacco business sector being the biggest business sector for both oils in 2012.

Different species: Commercially, different species, not having a place with Santalum animal varieties, are likewise utilized as sandalwood. Pterocarpus santalinus, Telugu: రక్తచందనము (raktachandanamu), Malayalam രക്തചന്ദനം (raktachandhanam), Tamil சிவப்புச்சந்தனம் (ciwappuchchandanam), red sanders, or red sandalwood, is a types of Pterocarpus local to India.

Different disconnected plants with also scented wood or oil include:

Adenanthera pavonina - sandalwood tree, red or false red sandalwood

Baphia nitida - camwood, otherwise called African sandalwood

Eremophila mitchellii - sandalwood; false sandalwood (likewise sandalbox)

Myoporum platycarpum - sandalwood; false sandalwood

Myoporum sandwicense - knave sandalwood, false sandalwood

Osyris lanceolata - African sandalwood

Osyris tenuifolia - east African sandalwood

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